Missions of the laboratory
• Study of nuclear collisions at low and intermediate energy
• Detection of astrophysical neutrinos by means of a deep under sea neutrino telescope
• Measure of the nuclear matrix element of Neutrinoless double beta decays
• Atomic Physics
• Solid State Physics
• Biology and Medicine
• Cultural Heritage
• R&D on Ion sources.
R&D on Detectors
• R&D on Laser driven beams
• Technologies to be transferred: Ion sources, Detectors, Dosimetry
• No services for industry
KEY DATA (2016)
Staff: total laboratory staff (all categories): 134; Scientists on staff with doctoral degree: 19; Number of postdoctoral researchers: 16 (average on the last two years); Number of graduate students resident at the
facility: 16 (average per year)
• Users for accelerator facilities: Number of actual, active users of the facility in a given year: 424, this is the number of people who participate at experiments according to the access cards.
• Scientific Production:
The current research program in nuclear physics is carried out with large detector systems (4_ multi-detector systems for the intermediate energy case) and a magnetic spectrometer with large acceptance both in solid angle and in momentum. The LNS are an advanced technological pole for development of different types of instrumentation, acceleration systems and ion sources.
• Developmental projects:
– radioactive ion beams produced with the in-fl ight method;
– Measure the NUclear Matrix Element of Neutrinoless (NUMEN) double beta decays by heavy ion double charge exchange reactions;
– Detection of astrophysical neutrinos by means of a deep under sea neutrino telescope (KM3net project);
– Participation to the European Spallation Source construction: commissioning of the high intensity ion source and coordination
of the LEBT;
– Advanced Ion Source for HAdron therapy (AISHA) presently under commissioning (regional funds);
– ELIMED experiment: beam line to use the proton beam laser driven for therapy treatment under construction (European
– Upgrading of the superconducting cyclotron planned to extract the medium mass beam also by stripper and increase the beam power of a factor 100.
Layout of the superconducting source named AISHa, recently designed and assembled at INFN-LNS for the production of high intensity beams of light ions to be used in hadrontherapy.
INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud
via S. Sofi a 62, 95123 Catania, ITALY